In the fall and spring of each year, remembering to change the direction of rotation of your ceiling fans may make a bigger difference than you think! Knowing which direction they should rotate can sometimes be trickier than it seems. Suppose the directions say the blades should turn clockwise, does that mean clockwise when you’re looking down the shaft of the fan from the top? Or does it mean clockwise when you are below looking up at the fan? They’re not the same! So here is the definitive way to know how to set your fans for any given time of year or situation.
First, you need to remember one basic principle: heat rises. Whether it is summer or winter, whether you’re running your air-conditioner or heat, the warmest air will always tend to pool toward the ceiling and the cooler air will always tend to pool towards the floor. This is even true if your air-conditioning vents are set in the ceiling or your heating vents are set in the floor.
Fan Blades Are Angled
If you look at the fan blades, you’ll notice they are not set exactly horizontally in the fixture. They are angled slightly. If you imagine the blades as big spatulas mixing up a cake batter, you can envision that if the blade moved in one direction, the strokes of the spatula would be angled upward. Moving in the opposite direction, the spatula strokes are angled downward.
Where Do You Want the Air to Go?
In the summertime – or any time you are feeling too warm – you want to feel a breeze of cool air. The best way to do this is to be sure the fan blade is “scooping” up the cooler air below and wafting it upwards. In other words, the “spatula” should be stroking upwards. In the wintertime – or any time you are feeling too cool – you want that warm air trapped up by ceiling to come down and surround you. So you want the fan blades to be pushing the air downward.
How Do You Change It?
You are never really changing the angle of the blades – they stay stationary inside the fan fixture. However, there is usually a small, two-position switch somewhere near the fan motor (towards the center mechanism, not on the blades). Turn the fan on and observe which way it is “scooping” the air: upwards or downwards. If it needs to be changed, turn the fan off and wait for it to come to a stop. Then flip this switch in the other direction, and turn the fan back on. Never try to flip this switch while the blades are still rotating!
Use Fans Year-Round
Most people have no problem using ceiling fans in the summer to create a “wind chill effect” – in other words, to increase evaporation from the skin, which makes us feel cooler. But many avoid using their fans in cooler months for that same reason. But if your ceiling fan is spinning the correct direction (as described above) you can save as much as 15% on heating costs... just turn the fan to a lower speed setting to minimize the wind chill effect. Look at it this way: you’ve already paid to heat the air that is now trapped near the ceiling… why not spread it around to help warm the people in the room? This is even more critical if you heat the room with a form of localized heat – such as a space heater or wood-burning stove.
Saving Energy, Money, and Feeling More Comfortable
By having fans rotating the correct direction at any given time of the year, you can save money on your heating and cooling costs because you’ll be saving energy. You’ll be able to set your thermostat higher in summer and lower in winter and still feel comfortable. By moving the air, fans help to “mix” the various layers of cooler and warmer air that naturally stratify due to physics. This will help your HVAC system run more efficiently and increase your comfort, no matter the season.
If your ceiling fan does not have a way to “winterize” it (e.g., to change rotation direction), consider replacing it with a model that does. Also, don’t forget to clean the fan blades and replace any burned out light bulbs (if your model has lights) while you’re flipping that switch. Ceiling fans should only be used in rooms with ceilings at least 8 feet high. For optimal performance, the fab blades should be 7-9 feet above the floor and 10-12 inches below the ceiling. Larger ceiling fans can move more air than smaller fans, and a larger blade will also provide comparable cooling at a lower velocity than a smaller blade. Some large rooms are best served by installing 2 or more ceiling fans. We recommend fans that have earned the EnergyStar® label - they move air up to 20% more efficiently than standard models.
Here’s another tip for the changing seasons: Remember to schedule an HVAC maintenance tune-up to ensure there are no surprises later in the dead of winter or the heat of summer. And, we can’t preach it enough: the most important thing you can do to keep your HVAC system running more efficiently and prolong its life is to change your air filters. Set up reminders every 3 months and never miss a filter change.
If you live in the Nashville or surrounding area, Interstate AC Service can get your HVAC system ready for whatever lies ahead. Call on us at (615) 832-8500.